Results of the preliminary resilience assessment
02/03/2016 16:15:47

Resilient actions (C5)

The process of reviewing the resilient actions is conducted as followings:

- Examine resilient actions base on the tool C5

- Consult with Working group

- Fulfill the action inventory

The city government has taken vigorous actions in urban management and development, demonstrated through the achievementsandawardsthat it received.Accordingto the City Resilience Framework, the city has more than 60active programsand projects supporting urban resilience.

Actions by Da Nang City directly address the following issues: 

9. Provide reliable communication and mobility: invested in necessary infrastructure 

7. Provide and enhance natural and manmade assets: protect the environment, safeguard critical infrastructure, have alternative provision of public services

5. Ensure social stability, security and justice

These actions also indirectly address the following issues:

4. Encourage cohesive and engaged communities: Several climate resilience intervention projects on housing, education were implemented with high community participation.

8. Ensure continuity of critical services: Diversity of services and contingency plans

2. Supports, livelihoods and employment: livelihood opportunities and supports to communities

All 12 drivers of “urban resilience” have been addressed by the city through its actions. However, the following drivers have only been addressed at a quite low level:

1. Meet basic needs

6. Foster economic prosperity

12. Foster long-term and integrated planning

Assessment on shocks, stresses, and assets (C9, C10)

CRO has conducted several consultations meeting with the Working Group who discuss and identify the critical shocks, stresses, and assets of the city. Results of assessment are presented below:



Ranking of asset vulnerability


Top shocks for city


Top future stresses


Top stresses


Most likely under future scenarios                       Most likely under future scenarios


Least likely under future scenarios                 Least likely under future scenarios

Top stressess


Assessment on the resilient perception (C11)

We conducted interviews through questionnaires for each target group, including: members of WG for Advisory Board (> 20 persons), tourism and industrial companies (22 persons), a representative group of factory workers (20 persons), staff from the city Women’s Union (>15 persons) and more than 120 persons from 5 local communities: Man Thai, HoaThoTay, HoaQuy, Hoa Chau, Hoa Lien.

Areas having the most influences on the city’s resilience (both negative and positive) are:

        2. Livelihoods and employment supports

        6. Economic prosperity

        8. Continuity of critical services

9. Reliable communication and mobility

      11. Capacity and empowerment of a broad range of stakeholders 

The above factors are assessed to have the most significant impacts on the city’s resilience. In other words, they have more important roles and greater influence than the other factors in improving (or reducing) the city’s resilience. Good performance of these factors will ensure flexible adaptation and quick recovery from impacts of shocks and stresses. They provide the criteria for selecting areas of focus. 


Perception of community on resilience


Inrecent years,the citywas evaluated to have a good performance insomeareas,however, someareasstillremainweakand should beimproved. The perception assessment toolshowedgood performancein mostareas(11/12 areas), exceptfor"supports to livelihoodsandemployment". However, we found thatinsomeother areas assessed to be underperforming by a high percentageofpeoplesurveyed. Therefore, weproposethe following as weak performingareasof thecity.




2. Livelihoods and employment supports

Although the city has policies to support community disaster recovery, but the support is considered untimely and limited.
Especially, livelihood support is weak and needs special attention.
The reason is that employment policies are not consistent with demand, and not practical, so new graduates find it difficult to find a job, and unemployment rate remains high. In addition, livelihoods supports such as support for farmers to change livelihoods, unemployment allowances are inadequate and delayed.

People also mentioned the lack of vocational skill training in line with the economic development and needs of Da Nang.

6. Boost economic prosperity

The city economy in recent years has had positive developments, shifting away from agriculture and industry sectors and more towards service and tourism, which helped to improve local people’s income and quality of life.

However, businesses in the city are still not robust enough, and have not played the leading role in contributing a sustainable source of revenue to support economic prosperity and sustainable development.

Tourism is still in the form of separated services without connection and collaboration. Tourism cannot attract tourists to stay for longer times due to lack of local specialties.

Industrial activities are seriously impacted by natural disasters such as storms which caused the interruption of production activities for a long time.

12. Foster long-term and integrated planning

The city has completed most of the basic development plans which have been approved by the national Government and the City People's Committee for implementation. Perceived city planning was positive.

However, the urban planning implementation has faced many difficulties due to the limited collaboration and cooperation between departments and agencies. To improve this shortcoming, the city should have appropriate guidance tools to assist administration and management.

Da Nang Climate Change Coordination Office (CCCO)

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