The Preliminary Resilience Assessment (PRA) of Da Nang City
02/03/2016 16:47:12

Summary of PRA

The Preliminary Resilience Assessment (PRA) report of Da Nang city is under Phase I of the 100 Resilient Cities Project (100RC) funded by the Rockefeller Foundation.

This report is directly guided by the 100RC Advisory Board of the city and madein consultation with the working group for the Advisory Board (WG) and the staff from different administrative departments and agencies of the city and other relevant stakeholders. 

Objectives of the Preliminary Resilience Assessment

The Preliminary Resilience Assessment aims toprepare prioritiesfordeveloping the city’s resilience strategy by:

  1. Identifying challenges, approaches and opportunities of the city related to resilience 
  2. Suggesting focus areas for furtherstudy and analysis through accessing and applying the assessment tools of 100RC. The assessment outcomes will be shared with the Advisory Board and theWorking Group for their review and comments.
  3. Identifying the next steps in developing and approving the Resilience Strategy of Da Nang city in early 2016. 

PRA report-making process 

To produce Da Nang’s PRA report, we have conducted some studies into the city’s economic and social context, as well as applying 03 assessment tools of 100RC program:

            • Review actions of the city;

            • Identify shocks - stresses, inventory property and formulate relevant matrix;

            • Assessing perceptions on the resilience of communities.

During all the steps of the process of investigating and assessing, we have also consulted 100RC Da Nang Advisory Board, Working Group and other representatives of local communities.


Targets of the program to build Da Nang’s resilience

Not beyond the targets and visions of the city’s socio-economic development to 2015, with resilience approach, Da Nang can build urban resilence with the following targets:

- Local residents can live in a city resilient again disasters, risks and climate change, having a better life with economic sustainability, involving in cultural identity preservation.

- The city’s urban infrastructure develops towards modern way with international influence, adaptive to disasters, climate change. It also plays an important role in creating a safe living environment for the community.

-The city’s economy owns a specific identity, outstanding compared to other areas of the region and Vietnam, as well as staying sustainably in front of global and regional economic recession. Economic value is maintained and promoted, ensuring social welfare.

- The city owns a smart and modern urban management system, ensuring response abilities against shocks and stresses.

Các lĩnh vực trọng tâm nghiên cứu

Dựa trên các kết quả nghiên cứu, phân tích về bối cảnh thành phố và kết quả thực hiện đánh giá dựa trên các công cụ, Văn phòng dự án đã xác định các lĩnh vực trọng tâm cho các nghiên cứu tiếp theo. Trong giai đoạn II, chúng tôi sẽ tiến hành nghiên cứu, phân tích sâu hơn, ở cấp độ rộng hơn với các lĩnh vực này nhằm xây dựng một chiến lược khả thi, tăng cường khả năng chống chịu của thành phố cho các cộng đồng dễ bị tổn thương trước các cú sốc và áp lực đã được xác định.

Focus area 1: How can Da Nang improve the safety and resilience of vulnerable households to storms and climate disasters?


 To assess storm and typhoon risks to housing and community infrastructure (including cell phone communications towers) in terms of probability and magnitude of damage for key districts, housing types and household income levels, in order to better target interventions;

To assess urban development plans to identify development activities in these areas that may increase flood risks and suggest how to reduce these risks;

To collaborate with private sector and financial industry to study feasibility of low-cost catastrophic loss insurance for low-income households;

To describe roles of different actors including local government in financing and implementing storm resistant housing and infrastructure upgrading schemes;

To define detailed measures for economic and financial feasibility analysis with private and public sector organizations.

Focus area 2: What can the city do to strengthen employment opportunities for rural and migrant households?
To determine recent regionallabour market activity and assess the challenges of labour mobility within Da Nang’s economy. Identify barriers to entering the labour force for agricultural workers;
To study the nature of the unskilled labour market: types of employment, size of labour force in this category, regional migration patterns, typical transitions and “career path” of workers;
To assess agricultural production techniques and producer margins for high-value, low-input food products increasingly valued by middle-class and tourism markets (e.g. organic produce);
To develop extension packages for farmers to help increase profitability of agriculture and reduce use of harmful chemicals;
To identify highly productive agricultural lands which should be preserved for food production
To identify relevant skills shortages or training deficits reported or anticipated by strategic employers such as tourism sector;
To survey of labour market participants, and interviews with unskilled workers and employers
To investigate role of mass organizations in supporting labour transitions;
To investigate good international models for supporting rural-urban migration and economic structural change in other cities.
Focus area 3: What mechanisms could ensure the provision of green infrastructure for flood management and urban resilience?
To assess priority needs for green infrastructure and identify land parcels that should be reserved for floodways, parks and related flood management purposes;
To explore collaboration platforms with Quang Nam province and with upstream reservoir operators to better manage flood water flows for floodway design;
To prepare new forms of legal agreements with developers that reduce the risk of projects being redesigned after approval;
To develop conceptual plan for Han River park that limits riverside development and protects the central city from flood risks;
To identify drought- and typhoon-resistant tree species and silviculture methods to replant  urban forests.
Focus area 4:How can Da Nang integrate public communications and shared data through information technologies to better prepare for emergencies and reduce losses to residents and businesses?
To review and assess existing regional storm and flood warning systems, evacuation mechanisms, and community preparedness measures to identify gaps and weaknesses;
To assess public knowledge base and behavior with respect to changing flood and storm risk in vulnerable districts to identify the need for specific types of public information (e.g. flood maps, evacuation route markers, early warning messages, risk ratings, etc);
To assess the coordination mechanisms that exist already between local Committees for Flood and Storm Control, urban planners and infrastructure managers, and ward level officials to determine opportunities for more effective risk reduction practices;
To outline options for low-cost information delivery on integrated platforms, so that the same information is provided in multiple formats through internet, radio, TV, or SMS;
To conduct feasibility studies for costs and cost recovery for such systems;
To develop public information platforms for regular consultation and two-way information exchange about issues such as infrastructure needs, floodplain boundaries and regulation, projected flood levels, detailed local planning;
To compare experiences in other cities that have applied information technologies to emergency preparedness.
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