About Our Program
29/03/2016 17:00:06

Da Nang city lies in the middle of Vietnam, from 15°15' to 16°40' North Latitude and from 107°17' to 108°20' East Longitude. It is the central economic hub of the Central and Central Highlands regions of Vietnam, with a particularly favorable geographical location for sustainable socio-economic development.

The total population of Da Nang recorded in 2014 was 1,007,425 people, with the population density of 784 people/km2. The total population of urban districts is 879,524 people, covering 87.2% of the city population. The population is unevenly distributed among the six urban districts. The population density of ThanhKhe district is 19,890 people/km2, ten times higher than Lien Chieu and Ngu Hanh Son Districts. The lowest density district is the rural district of HoaVang(174 people/km2). Rural population accounts for 12.7% of the city population. The population growth rate is from 11.8% in 2005 to 12.7 % in 2012.The estimated population of Da Nang in 2030 is expected to be 2.5 million.

Despite being considered as an appealing city in Vietnam and voted by international travel magazines as one of the most attractive destinations on the planet, Da Nang is still very vulnerable to acute shocks such as storms, floods and droughts and chronic stresses such as water shortage, unemployment, healthcare services for poor communities.

Extreme climate events in recent years have caused significant damages to the city. Intense and unpredictable typhoons, frequent floods and droughts are associated with substantial losses. Climate change and natural disasters have significant direct impacts on people’s livesin terms of water supply, food safety, livelihoods and employment, damages to urban infrastructure. At the same time, they also indirectly cause thereduction of efficiency, productivity, and income fromdifferent employment and socio-economic sectors. These types of impacts are projected to grow in the future.

Global and regional issues may also increase the risks of other acute shocks such as diseases and disturbance in the city. These issues cannot be addressed by one unit or agency only, requiring the overall collaboration of the society.

As an attempt to deal with above situation, in 2013, Rockefeller Foundation pioneered the program “100 Resilient Cities” (100RC) which has defined the concept of “resilience” as the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. 100RC is dedicated to helping cities around the world become more resilient to the physical, social and economic challenges that are growing in the 21st century.

In December 2013, Da Nang City was selected from 372 city applicants around the world to become one of the first 33 cities in the 100RC network. Between November 21-22 2014, Da Nang held a workshop to launch the 100RC program in the city. Being a member city of 100RC network has opened a new opportunity for Da Nang, proving the city with financial and human support so that Da Nang can build its resilience.

The 100RC program supports the city to seek for and build up the needed resources for resilience strategy development. Accordingly, the Resilience Office was established on the base of Climate Change Coordination Office (CCCO), lead by Mr. Dinh Quang Cuong (CRO). Besides, the Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET) was chosen to be the city’s strategic partner, responsible for connecting and inviting international and national experts, as well as platform partners to Da Nang to help CCCO build resilience strategy. Additionally, ISET supports the city to participate in resilience activities all over the world to seek for new resources and opportunities as well.

In Da Nang, CRO is responsible for (1) collaborating with various sectors to develop and implement resilience strategy; (2) advising the city’s leaders on selecting priorities in strategy development process; (3) leading the resilience strategy, (4) coordinating all of the city’s resilience efforts; (4) connecting to other CROs, the 100RC management board and platform partners.
 
The 100RC Resilience Strategy Development Process includes three phases as follows: 
- Phase I – Identify focus areas that have critical impacts on the resilience of Da Nang city in the coming decade (the basis of this report);
- Phase II – Research and analyze in-depth the identified focus areas, develop the Resilience Strategy, with objectives and implementation plan;
- Phase III – Implement the Resilience Strategy with the engagement of the whole city.
Figure 1: 100RC – Strategy Development Process
 
Recently, CCCO in collaboration with ISET has reviewed and conducted research to produce Preliminary Resilience Assessment, which modifies the city’s focus areas. The issues of community resilient agaisnt disasters, employment provision for residents living in urban transformation areas, flood management to enhance urban resilience, and integration of information and technology into disaster adaptation are areas that need paying attention to build Da Nang’s resilience.
On January 19 2016, Climate Change Coordination Office (CCCO) in collaboration with ISET organized a workshop to launch phase 2 of the program “100 resilient cities – 100RC” in Da Nang. The workshop aimed at discussing how to conduct research to seek for solutions of below questions:
- How can Da Nang improve the safety and resilience of vulnerable households to storms and climate disasters?
- What can the city do to strengthen employment opportunities for rural and migrant households?
- What mechanisms can support the development of green infrastructure to enhance flood management and resilience of urban areas?
- How can Da Nang integrate public communication systems and information and data shared via information technology to better prepare for emergencies and minimize loss to people and businesses?
 
Based on the results of phase I, 04 focus areas needed to be studied further in phase II are:
Focus area 1: Building an urban community resilient to disasters and climate change
- Community can access to support policies and solutions for housing resilient to disasters and having affordable prices.
- Authorities, businesses and community engage into disaster control and climate change adaptation.
- Residents have chances to improve their livelihoods, enhancing their income and living standards.
Focus area 2: Building the city toward a metropolis with high competitiveness to enhance the prosperity
- Spearhead economic sectors such as tourism, high technology can promote their current advantages, obtaining huge income, enhancing urban economic development.
- Local businesses operate effectively, playing the foundation role in the city’s economic development.
- It is easy to get access to employment in the city. The city attracts high-quality workforce, meeting the demands of economic-industrial and high-tech development (related to Focus area 1).
Focus area 3: Building the Environmental City toward green and ecological metropolis
- Urban infrastructure is strenghthened, resilient to disasters and climate change (related to Focus area 2).
- Energy, water and social security are assured (related to Focus area 1)
- The environment is protected, maintaining community cohesion (related to Focus area 1).
Focus area 4: Building a metropolis with modern and integrated management
- Information and technology are integrated into urban control and management, especially into response to urban traffic stress.
- Response to shocks and stresses: Warning systems of storms, floods, forest fires, automatic management system of urban drainage networks...
 
In phase II, technical teams consisting of experts from relevant departments and agencies will work with CCCO and ISET to conduct in-depth studies into these four focus areas.
In the upcoming time, these technical teams and some other local experts are going to conduct analyses to identify and add the most urgent issues needing addressing of the city, as well as investigating solutions to achieve the strategic targets and visions. Focus area and solution analysing should be considered depending on the use of resilience lens and resilience’s features so that the solutions with best practice can come out. Consultation with stakeholders will also be implemented constantly so that a draft of resilience strategy of Da Nang can be released in May 2016.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Da Nang Climate Change Coordination Office (CCCO)

Add: 13th Floor, Administrative Centre, 24 Tran Phu Street, Da Nang

Phone: 0511.3888508 - Fax: 0511.3825321 - Email: danang.ccco@gmail.com

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License No. 139 / GP-STTTT, issued by Da Nang Ministry of Information and Communications, dated on 8th April, 2015